Ankle Fracture Surgery

A category of sports medicine is ankle fracture surgery. A fracture is defined as a “complete or partial break in the bone”. The purpose of ankle fracture surgery is to get the ankle bone set and healed into the normal shape it was before the fracture.

Symptoms of a fractured ankle: 

  • Severe pain when moving or standing
  • Unable to put any weight on injured ankle
  • Bruising
  • Swelling
  • Ankle looks deformed or out of place
  • Tender when it is touched

Signs of needing surgery to a fractured ankle: When the fractured ankle is in a bad or unstable position, causing symptoms of a fracture, surgery is needed to re-position the ankle back to the normal location. There are other instances where it is an open fracture, when the bone is sticking out of the skin, and it does require surgery to readjust the bone back to it’s normal position.

What is the procedure of ankle fracture surgery? An incision is made where the ankle is fractured, and the fractured parts are re-positioned back to its normal location. After it is re-positioned, a metal implant, or screw, is placed in the ankle to keep it in place. Once the metal implant is placed and the incision is closed, the ankle is placed in a splint to keep it straight while it heals.

What is the healing process after surgery? For a few weeks after surgery, the ankle will be in a splint and immobile while it heals. Once the wounds are healed, your doctor will fit either a boot or a cast to use and slowly make the ankle more mobile. When the ankle heals more, some weight can be put on the ankle while in the boot or mobile cast. It typically takes up to a year for the ankle to get back to feeling normal, and being able to use it while doing normal activities.

While the ankle is healing, it is best to take movement slow so that there is no over-straining or possible damage to the fixed ankle. It is very important to speak with your doctor to make sure the activities you are doing will not re-fracture or permanently damage the ankle while it is healing. Once the ankle is fully healed, normal activities can be done without the boot or cast. Some people may need physical therapy after surgery is done to be able to get back to normal activities. Any problems you experience after surgery is best to discuss with your doctor to help find the best healing plan for you.

Managing Pre-Diabetes

About 84 million adult Americans have pre-diabetes, that is 1 out of 3 people. It’s important to know how to help manage pre-diabetes so it does not progress further into type 2 diabetes.

What is Pre-Diabetes? A condition where the blood sugar in your body is high, but not high enough yet to be type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms of Pre-Diabetes? Many people do not experience any symptoms with pre-diabetes. Some may experience excessive hunger, excessive thirst, fatigue, frequent urination, or weight gain. It does require a medical diagnosis to be able to know for sure if it is pre-diabetes or not.

How to prevent the progression from pre-diabetes to type 2 diabetes:

  • Become more active. It is important to exercise and keep your blood glucose levels down. It is one of the best things to do to prevent type 2 diabetes.
  • Lower your body weight. Even just losing a couple of pounds of weight can drop the probability of it moving to type 2 diabetes.
  • Eat healthy foods. Watching what you eat can also help pre-diabetes from progressing. Avoid foods that are high in fats and carbohydrates. Strive to eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • If you smoke, stop smoking.
  • Visit your doctor more often. Seeing your doctor to check up of the progression of it can also help it from moving to type 2 diabetes. They can also help advise you on what you can do next.

Pre-diabetes can happen to anyone. It is important to consult with your doctor and get regular check-ups if you feel as though you have it. Living a healthy lifestyle, and continuing that lifestyle, can help prevent pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Benefits of Exercising to the Musculoskeletal System

Orthopedic surgeons focus on surgeries that involve the musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system is important to keep healthy, as well as any other system in the body, to help prevent injuries and become stronger.

What is the musculoskeletal system? It is a system in the body that provides form, stability, support, and movement to the body. It is the bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, cartilage, and other connective tissue that binds tissues and organs together.

How does exercising help the musculoskeletal system? Exercising benefits the musculoskeletal system by maintaining good muscle mass, muscle strength to help prevent injuries, bone strength, and flexibility/range of motion. This helps by enhancing balance, joint stability, good posture, reducing osteoporosis, and reducing risk of fractures.

What exercises specifically help the musculoskeletal system? Some examples of this would be planks, sit-ups, push-ups, body weight squats, lunges, and lifting weights. To also help out with the musculoskeletal system, it’s important to make sure the exercises done include all the major muscles groups like arms, shoulders, legs, back, buttocks, and abdomen.

While exercising, it is very important to make sure that you do not over-strain the muscle groups that you are working on. Over-straining them can lead to serious damage to the musculoskeletal system. If you are unsure of what exercises to do or start doing, you can consult with your doctor to see what they suggest to get you started.